Document
Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended August 31, 2016
 
Or
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period to
 
Commission file number 001- 34481
 
 
Mistras Group, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
22-3341267
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
195 Clarksville Road
Princeton Junction, New Jersey
 
08550
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(609) 716-4000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
ý Yes  o No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
ý Yes  o No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
o Yes  ý No
 
As of October 1, 2016, the registrant had 29,185,036 shares of common stock outstanding.
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                           Financial Statements
 


Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current Assets
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
14,940

 
$
21,188

Accounts receivable, net
134,138

 
137,913

Inventories
10,049

 
9,918

Deferred income taxes
6,096

 
6,216

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
12,491

 
12,711

Total current assets
177,714

 
187,946

Property, plant and equipment, net
76,662

 
78,676

Intangible assets, net
41,513

 
43,492

Goodwill
169,195

 
169,220

Deferred income taxes
975

 
1,000

Other assets
2,222

 
2,341

Total assets
$
468,281

 
$
482,675

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 

 
 

Current Liabilities
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
8,669

 
$
10,796

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
60,747

 
62,983

Current portion of long-term debt
2,089

 
12,553

Current portion of capital lease obligations
7,041

 
7,835

Income taxes payable
2,472

 
2,710

Total current liabilities
81,018

 
96,877

Long-term debt, net of current portion
68,341

 
72,456

Obligations under capital leases, net of current portion
11,349

 
11,932

Deferred income taxes
19,442

 
18,328

Other long-term liabilities
7,136

 
6,794

Total liabilities
187,286

 
206,387

Commitments and contingencies


 


Equity
 

 
 

Preferred stock, 10,000,000 shares authorized

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized
291

 
290

Additional paid-in capital
215,420

 
213,737

Retained earnings
88,832

 
82,235

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(23,682
)
 
(20,099
)
Total Mistras Group, Inc. stockholders’ equity
280,861

 
276,163

Noncontrolling interests
134

 
125

Total equity
280,995

 
276,288

Total liabilities and equity
$
468,281

 
$
482,675

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
168,443

 
$
179,853

Cost of revenue
112,981

 
123,400

Depreciation
5,406

 
5,179

Gross profit
50,056

 
51,274

Selling, general and administrative expenses
35,278

 
35,836

Research and engineering
632

 
621

Depreciation and amortization
2,597

 
2,781

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
394

 
(896
)
Income from operations
11,155

 
12,932

Interest expense
820

 
1,922

Income before provision for income taxes
10,335

 
11,010

Provision for income taxes
3,726

 
4,163

Net income
6,609

 
6,847

Less: net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of taxes
13

 
(25
)
Net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
6,596

 
$
6,872

Earnings per common share
 

 
 

Basic
$
0.23

 
$
0.24

Diluted
$
0.22

 
$
0.23

Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 

 
 

Basic
28,976

 
28,724

Diluted
30,210

 
29,595

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(in thousands)
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
6,609

 
$
6,847

Other comprehensive loss:
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(3,583
)
 
(652
)
Comprehensive income
3,026

 
6,195

Less: comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(4
)
 
(88
)
Comprehensive income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
3,030

 
$
6,283

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities
 

 
 

Net income
$
6,609

 
$
6,847

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
8,003

 
7,960

Deferred income taxes
1,238

 
1,474

Share-based compensation expense
1,906

 
1,957

Fair value changes in contingent consideration liabilities
356

 
(900
)
Other
(746
)
 
(784
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
3,180

 
(1,760
)
Inventories
(53
)
 
(16
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
76

 
2,036

Other assets
118

 
(108
)
Accounts payable
(2,009
)
 
(393
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(1,174
)
 
(112
)
Income taxes payable
(160
)
 
9

Net cash provided by operating activities
17,344

 
16,210

Cash flows from investing activities
 

 
 

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(3,729
)
 
(4,501
)
Purchase of intangible assets
(288
)
 
(66
)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
(1,188
)
 

Proceeds from sale of equipment
230

 
168

Net cash used in investing activities
(4,975
)
 
(4,399
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 

 
 

Repayment of capital lease obligations
(1,986
)
 
(1,893
)
Proceeds from borrowings of long-term debt
113

 
1,382

Repayment of long-term debt
(10,647
)
 
(12,347
)
Proceeds from revolver
18,900

 
20,100

Repayments of revolver
(23,100
)
 
(16,400
)
Payment of contingent consideration for acquisitions
(792
)
 
(113
)
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of share-based awards
(1,274
)
 
(953
)
Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation
501

 
(338
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
438

 

Net cash used in financing activities
(17,847
)
 
(10,562
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(770
)
 
(118
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(6,248
)
 
1,131

Cash and cash equivalents
 

 
 

Beginning of period
21,188

 
10,555

End of period
$
14,940

 
$
11,686

Supplemental disclosure of cash paid
 

 
 

Interest
$
1,085

 
$
1,803

Income taxes
$
1,900

 
$
192

Noncash investing and financing
 

 
 

Equipment acquired through capital lease obligations
$
1,142

 
$
636

Issuance of notes payable for acquisitions
$
331

 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)





1.                                      Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
 
Description of Business
 
Mistras Group, Inc. and subsidiaries ("the Company") is a leading “one source” global provider of technology-enabled asset protection solutions used to evaluate the structural integrity and reliability of critical energy, industrial and public infrastructure. The Company combines industry-leading products and technologies, expertise in mechanical integrity (MI) and non-destructive testing (NDT) services and proprietary data analysis software to deliver a comprehensive portfolio of customized solutions, ranging from routine inspections to complex, plant-wide asset integrity assessments and management. These mission critical solutions enhance customers’ ability to extend the useful life of their assets, increase productivity, minimize repair costs, comply with governmental safety and environmental regulations, manage risk and avoid catastrophic disasters. The Company serves a global customer base of companies with asset-intensive infrastructure, including companies in the oil and gas, fossil and nuclear power, alternative and renewable energy, public infrastructure, chemicals, commercial aerospace and defense, transportation, primary metals and metalworking, pharmaceutical/biotechnology and food processing industries and research and engineering institutions.
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements contained in this report are unaudited. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods of the fiscal years ending May 31, 2017 and 2016. Reference to a fiscal year means the fiscal year ended May 31. Certain items included in these statements are based on management’s estimates. Actual results may differ from those estimates. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the year. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (“2016 Annual Report”) for fiscal 2016, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 15, 2016.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Mistras Group, Inc. and its wholly and majority-owned subsidiaries. For subsidiaries in which the Company’s ownership interest is less than 100%, the noncontrolling interests are reported in stockholders’ equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The noncontrolling interests in net income, net of tax, is classified separately in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income.
 
All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Mistras Group, Inc.’s and its subsidiaries’ fiscal years end on May 31 except for the subsidiaries in the International segment, which end on April 30. Accordingly, the Company’s International segment subsidiaries are consolidated on a one month lag. Therefore, in the quarter and year of acquisition, results of acquired subsidiaries in the International segment are generally included in consolidated results for one less month than the actual number of months from the acquisition date to the end of the reporting period. Management does not believe that any events occurred during the one-month lag period that would have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

Reclassification

Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications did not have a material effect on the Company's financial condition or results of operations as previously reported.

Customers

One customer accounted for approximately 14% of our revenues and 13% of accounts receivable in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, which primarily were generated from the Services segment. No customer accounted for 10% or more of our revenues or accounts receivable in the first quarter of fiscal 2016.


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



Significant Accounting Policies
 
The Company’s significant accounting policies are disclosed in Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Company's 2016 Annual Report. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates and assumptions, including, among other things those related to revenue recognition, valuations of accounts receivable, long-lived assets, goodwill, deferred tax assets and uncertain tax positions. Since the date of the 2016 Annual Report, there have been no material changes to the Company's significant accounting policies.


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. The new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, as a result of a one year deferral in the standard issued by the FASB in August 2015 with ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Deferral of the Effective Date. Early application is not permitted. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2014-09 will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments. This amendment will simplify the accounting for adjustments made to provisional amounts recognized in a business combination and eliminates the requirement to retrospectively account for those adjustments in previous reporting periods. This update will require on the face of the income statement or in the notes to the financial statements the amount recorded in current-period earnings that would have previously been recorded if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. ASU 2015-16 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter ended August 31, 2016. There was not a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This amendment will simplify the presentation of deferred tax assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and require all deferred tax assets and liabilities to be treated as non-current. ASU 2015-17 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect that ASU 2015-17 will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This amendment supersedes previous accounting guidance (Topic 840) and requires all leases, with exception of leases with a term of 12 months or less, to be recorded on the balance sheet as lease assets and lease liabilities. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The standard requires lessees and lessors to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issues ASU No. 2016-09, Stock Compensation (Topic 718). This amendment will simplify certain aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, which include accounting for income taxes and the related impact on the statement of cash flows, an option to account for forfeitures when they occur in addition to the existing guidance to estimate the forfeitures of awards, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows for employee taxes paid to tax authorities on shares withheld for vesting. ASU 2016-09 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-09 will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230). This amendment will provide guidance on the presentation and classification of specific cash flow items to improve consistency within the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-15 will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
 
 
2.                                      Share-Based Compensation
 
The Company has share-based incentive awards outstanding to its eligible employees and Directors under two equity incentive plans: (i) the 2007 Stock Option Plan (the 2007 Plan), and (ii) the 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the 2009 Plan). No further awards may be granted under the 2007 Plan, although awards granted under the 2007 Plan remain outstanding in accordance

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



with their terms. Awards granted under the 2009 Plan may be in the form of stock options, restricted stock units and other forms of share-based incentives, including performance restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and deferred stock rights.
 
Stock Options
 
For the three months ended August 31, 2016, the Company did not recognize any share-based compensation expense related to stock option awards. No unrecognized compensation costs remained related to stock option awards as of August 31, 2016.

For the three months ended August 31, 2015, the Company recognized share-based compensation expense related to stock option awards of less than $0.1 million.
 
No stock options were granted during the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015.

A summary of the stock option activity, weighted average exercise prices and options outstanding as of August 31, 2016 and 2015 is as follows:
 
For the three months ended August 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
Common
Stock
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Common
Stock
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Outstanding at beginning of period:
2,232

 
$
13.21

 
2,287

 
$
13.13

 
Granted

 
$

 

 
$

 
Exercised
(44
)
 
$
9.89

 

 
$

 
Expired or forfeited

 
$

 

 
$

 
Outstanding at end of period:
2,188

 
$
13.28

 
2,287

 
$
13.13

 
 
Restricted Stock Unit Awards
 
For both the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015, the Company recognized share-based compensation expense related to restricted stock unit awards of $1.1 million. As of August 31, 2016, there was $11.2 million of unrecognized compensation costs, net of estimated forfeitures, related to restricted stock unit awards, which are expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted average period of 2.9 years.
 
During the first three months of fiscal 2017 and 2016, the Company granted approximately 10,000 and 15,000 shares, respectively, of fully-vested common stock to its five non-employee directors, in connection with its non-employee director compensation plan. These shares had grant date fair values of $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively, which was recorded as share-based compensation expense during the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively.
 
During the first three months of fiscal 2017 and 2016, approximately 175,000 and 205,000 restricted stock units, respectively, vested. The fair value of these units was $4.4 million and $3.2 million, respectively. Upon vesting, restricted stock units are generally net share-settled to cover the required minimum withholding tax and the remaining amount is converted into an equivalent number of shares of common stock.

A summary of the Company's outstanding, nonvested restricted share units is presented below:


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



 
For the three months ended August 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
Units
 
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
Units
 
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at beginning of period:
575

 
$
18.85

 
564

 
$
20.47

Granted
217

 
$
24.51

 
174

 
$
15.51

Released
(175
)
 
$
19.49

 
(205
)
 
$
20.38

Forfeited
(5
)
 
$
20.31

 
(6
)
 
$
20.36

Outstanding at end of period:
612

 
$
20.67

 
527

 
$
18.87


 
Performance Restricted Stock Units

The Company maintains Performance Restricted Stock Units (PRSUs) that have been granted to select executives and senior officers whose ultimate payout is based on the Company’s performance over a one-year period based on three metrics, as defined: (1) Operating Income, (2) Adjusted EBITDAS individual performance and (3) Revenue. There is a discretionary portion of the PRSUs based on individual performance, at the discretion of the Compensation Committee (Discretionary PRSUs). PRSUs and Discretionary PRSUs generally vest ratably on each of the first four anniversary dates upon completion of the performance period, for a total requisite service period of five years and have no dividend rights.

PRSUs are equity-classified and compensation costs are initially measured using the fair value of the underlying stock at the date of grant, assuming that the target performance conditions will be achieved. Compensation costs related to the PRSUs are subsequently adjusted for changes in the expected outcomes of the performance conditions.

Discretionary PRSUs are liability-classified and adjusted to fair value (with a corresponding adjustment to compensation expense) based upon the targeted number of shares to be awarded and the fair value of the underlying stock each reporting period until approved by the Compensation Committee, at which point they are classified as equity.

A summary of the Company's Performance Restricted Stock Unit activity is presented below:

 
For the three months ended August 31, 2016
 
 
Units
 
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
Outstanding at beginning of period:
328

 
$
17.02

 
Granted
105

 
$
24.90

 
Performance condition adjustments
19

 
$
22.91

 
Released

 
$

 
Forfeited

 
$

 
Outstanding at end of period:
452

 
$
20.67

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



During the three months ended August 31, 2016, the Compensation Committee approved an additional 19,000 units pertaining to the 2016 Discretionary PRSUs. There was no adjustment to the fiscal 2017 awards during the three months ended August 31, 2016.

As of August 31, 2016, the aggregate liability related to 21,000 outstanding Discretionary PRSUs was less than $0.1 million, and is classified within accrued expenses and other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
 
For the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015, the Company recognized aggregate share-based compensation expense related to the awards described above of approximately $0.5 million and $0.6 million, respectively. At August 31, 2016, there was $5.7 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to 452,000 non-vested performance restricted stock units, which are expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted average period of 4.2 years.



 
3.                                      Earnings per Share
 
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the sum of (1) the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, and (2) the dilutive effect of assumed conversion of equity awards using the treasury stock method. With respect to the number of weighted-average shares outstanding (denominator), diluted shares reflects: (i) the exercise of options to acquire common stock to the extent that the options’ exercise prices are less than the average market price of common shares during the period and (ii) the pro forma vesting of restricted stock units.
 
The following table sets forth the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
 

 
 

Numerator:
 

 
 

Net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
6,596

 
$
6,872

Denominator:
 

 
 

Weighted average common shares outstanding
28,976

 
28,724

Basic earnings per share
$
0.23

 
$
0.24

 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share:
 

 
 

Numerator:
 

 
 

Net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
6,596

 
$
6,872

Denominator:
 

 
 

Weighted average common shares outstanding
28,976

 
28,724

Dilutive effect of stock options outstanding
827

 
627

Dilutive effect of restricted stock units outstanding
407

 
244

 
30,210

 
29,595

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.22

 
$
0.23

 

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



4.                                      Acquisitions

In the first three months of fiscal 2017, the Company completed two acquisitions. The Company purchased two companies located in Canada that provide NDT services.

In these acquisitions, the Company acquired 100% of the common stock of both acquirees in exchange for aggregate consideration of $1.2 million in cash, $0.3 million of notes payable and contingent consideration estimated to be $0.4 million to be earned based upon the acquired businesses achieving specific performance metrics over their initial three years of operations from their acquisition dates. The Company accounted for these transactions in accordance with the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations.

The assets and liabilities of the businesses acquired in fiscal 2017 were included in the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet based upon their estimated fair values on the date of acquisition as determined in a preliminary purchase price allocation, using available information and making assumptions management believes are reasonable. The Company is still in the process of completing its valuation of the assets, both tangible and intangible, and liabilities acquired. The results of operations for these acquisitions are included in the Services segment's results from the date of acquisition. The Company's preliminary purchase price allocations are included in the table below, summarizing the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:

 
Fiscal
 
2017
Number of Entities
2

Consideration transferred:
 
Cash paid
$
1,196

Notes payable
332

Contingent consideration
364

Consideration transferred
$
1,892

 
 
Current assets
$
673

Property, plant and equipment
133

Intangible assets
397

Goodwill
1,024

Current liabilities
(219
)
Long-term deferred tax liability
(116
)
Net assets acquired
$
1,892


Revenues and operating income included in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for fiscal 2017 from these acquisitions for the period subsequent to the closing of these transactions were approximately $0.4 million and $0.1 million, respectively. As these acquisitions are not significant to the Company's 2017 results, no unaudited pro forma financial information has been included in this report.

The Company did not complete any acquisitions in the first three months of fiscal 2016.

Acquisition-Related Expense 
 
During the three month periods ended August 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company incurred acquisition-related costs of less than $0.1 million, respectively, in connection with due diligence, professional fees, and other expenses for its acquisition activities. Additionally, the Company adjusted the fair value of certain previously recorded acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities. These adjustments resulted in a net (increase) decrease of acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities and

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



a corresponding (decrease) increase in income from operations of $(0.4) million and $0.9 million, for the three month periods ended August 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company’s aggregate acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities were $2.0 million and $2.1 million as of August 31, 2016 and May 31, 2016, respectively.
 

Fair value adjustments to acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities and acquisition-related transaction costs have been classified as acquisition-related expense, net, in the condensed consolidated statements of income for the three month periods ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015.
 

5.                                      Accounts Receivable, net
 
Accounts receivable consisted of the following:
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
$
136,952

 
$
140,820

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(2,814
)
 
(2,907
)
Accounts receivable, net
$
134,138

 
$
137,913

 


6.                                      Property, Plant and Equipment, net
 
Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following:
 
 
Useful Life
(Years)
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
Land
 
 
$
1,728

 
$
1,735

Buildings and improvements
30-40
 
19,434

 
19,364

Office furniture and equipment
5-8
 
8,780

 
8,692

Machinery and equipment
5-7
 
174,821

 
173,053

 
 
 
204,763

 
202,844

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
 
(128,101
)
 
(124,168
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
 
$
76,662

 
$
78,676

 
Depreciation expense for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 was $5.8 million and $5.6 million, respectively.
 
7.     Goodwill
 
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment is shown below:

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



 
Services
 
International
 
Products and Systems
 
Total
Balance at May 31, 2015
$
117,279

 
$
35,938

 
$
13,197

 
$
166,414

Goodwill acquired (disposed) during the year
2,728

 
(374
)
 

 
2,354

Adjustments to preliminary purchase price allocations
270

 

 

 
270

Foreign currency translation
(594
)
 
776

 

 
182

Balance at May 31, 2016
$
119,683

 
$
36,340

 
$
13,197

 
$
169,220

Goodwill acquired during the year
1,024

 

 

 
1,024

Adjustments to preliminary purchase price allocations
(19
)
 

 

 
(19
)
Foreign currency translation
(52
)
 
(978
)
 

 
(1,030
)
Balance at August 31, 2016
$
120,636

 
$
35,362

 
$
13,197

 
$
169,195

 
The Company reviews goodwill for impairment on a reporting unit basis on March 1 of each year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable. As of August 31, 2016, the Company did not identify any changes in circumstances that would indicate the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable.

The Company's cumulative goodwill impairment as of August 31, 2016, May 31, 2016 and May 31, 2015 was $9.9 million, which is within its International segment.

8.                                      Intangible Assets
 
The gross amount, accumulated amortization and net carrying amount of intangible assets were as follows:
 
 
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
 
Useful Life
(Years)
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
5-12
 
$
80,764

 
$
(48,986
)
 
$
31,778

 
$
81,262

 
$
(47,747
)
 
$
33,515

Software/Technology
3-15
 
17,810

 
(12,168
)
 
5,642

 
17,539

 
(11,855
)
 
5,684

Covenants not to compete
2-5
 
10,881

 
(9,440
)
 
1,441

 
10,791

 
(9,290
)
 
1,501

Other
2-5
 
7,864

 
(5,212
)
 
2,652

 
7,827

 
(5,035
)
 
2,792

Total
 
 
$
117,319

 
$
(75,806
)
 
$
41,513

 
$
117,419

 
$
(73,927
)
 
$
43,492

 
Amortization expense for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 was $2.2 million and $2.4 million, respectively.
 
9.                                      Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
Accrued salaries, wages and related employee benefits
$
27,133

 
$
31,566

Contingent consideration, current portion
1,015

 
1,029

Accrued workers’ compensation and health benefits
5,640

 
4,834

Deferred revenue
3,370

 
3,332

Legal settlement accrual
6,320

 
6,320

Other accrued expenses
17,269

 
15,902

Total accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
60,747

 
$
62,983


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



 
10.                               Long-Term Debt
 
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
Senior credit facility
$
64,780

 
$
68,999

Notes payable
328

 
10,111

Other
5,322

 
5,899

Total debt
70,430

 
85,009

Less: Current portion
(2,089
)
 
(12,553
)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
68,341

 
$
72,456

 
Senior Credit Facility
 
On October 31, 2014, the Company entered into a Third Amendment and Modification Agreement of its revolving line of credit, the Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”), dated December 21, 2011, with its lending group. The Credit Agreement provides the Company with a $175.0 million revolving line of credit, which, under certain circumstances, the line of credit can be increased to $225.0 million. The Company may borrow up to $30.0 million in non-U.S. Dollar currencies and use up to $10.0 million of the credit limit for the issuance of letters of credit. The Credit Agreement has a maturity date of October 30, 2019. As of August 31, 2016, the Company had borrowings of $64.8 million and a total of $5.2 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Agreement.
 
Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest at LIBOR plus an applicable LIBOR margin ranging from 1% to 1.75%, or a base rate less a margin of 1.25% to 0.375%, at the option of the Company, based upon the Company’s Funded Debt Leverage Ratio. Funded Debt Leverage Ratio is generally the ratio of (1) all outstanding indebtedness for borrowed money and other interest-bearing indebtedness as of the date of determination to (2) EBITDA (which is (a) net income, less (b) income (or plus loss) from discontinued operations and extraordinary items, plus (c) income tax expenses, plus (d) interest expense, plus (e) depreciation, depletion, and amortization (including non-cash loss on retirement of assets), plus (f) stock compensation expense, less (g) cash expense related to stock compensation, plus or minus certain other adjustments) for the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters immediately preceding the date of determination. The Company has the benefit of the lowest margin if its Funded Debt Leverage Ratio is equal to or less than 0.5 to 1, and the margin increases as the ratio increases, to the maximum margin if the ratio is greater than 2.0 to 1. The Company will also bear additional costs for market disruption, regulatory changes effecting the lenders’ funding costs, and default pricing of an additional 2% interest rate margin on any amounts not paid when due. Amounts borrowed under the Credit Agreement are secured by liens on substantially all of the assets of the Company.
 
The Credit Agreement contains financial covenants requiring that the Company maintain a Funded Debt Leverage Ratio of no greater than 3.25 to 1 and an Interest Coverage Ratio of at least 3.0 to 1. Interest Coverage Ratio means the ratio, as of any date of determination, of (a) EBITDA for the 12 month period immediately preceding the date of determination, to (b) all interest, premium payments, debt discount, fees, charges and related expenses of the Company and its subsidiaries in connection with borrowed money (including capitalized interest) or in connection with the deferred purchase price of assets, in each case to the extent treated as interest in accordance with GAAP, paid during the 12 month period immediately preceding the date of determination. The Credit Agreement also limits the Company’s ability to, among other things, create liens, make investments, incur more indebtedness, merge or consolidate, make dispositions of property, pay dividends and make distributions to stockholders, enter into a new line of business, enter into transactions with affiliates and enter into burdensome agreements. The Credit Agreement does not limit the Company’s ability to acquire other businesses or companies except that the acquired business or company must be in the Company's line of business, the Company must be in compliance with the financial covenants on a pro forma basis after taking into account the acquisition, and, if the acquired business is a separate subsidiary, in certain circumstances the lenders will receive the benefit of a guaranty of the subsidiary and liens on its assets and a pledge of its stock.
 
As of August 31, 2016, the Company was in compliance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, and will continuously monitor its compliance with the covenants contained in its credit agreement.

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



 
Notes Payable and Other
 
In connection with certain of its acquisitions, the Company issued subordinated notes payable to the sellers. The maturity of the notes that remain outstanding are three years from the date of acquisition and bear interest at the prime rate for Bank of Canada, currently 2.7% as of August 31, 2016. Interest expense is recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of income.
 
The Company has evaluated current market conditions and borrower credit quality and has determined that the carrying value of its long-term debt approximates fair value. The fair value of the Company’s notes payable and capital lease obligations approximates their carrying amounts based on anticipated interest rates which management believes would currently be available to the Company for similar issuances of debt.
 
11.                               Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company performs fair value measurements in accordance with the guidance provided by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. It also establishes a three level hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy are defined as follows:
 
Level 1 — Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date.
 
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability and inputs derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data.
 
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions about inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available.
 
In accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above, the following table shows the fair value of the Company’s financial liabilities that are required to be remeasured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
1,975

 
$
1,975

Total Liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
1,975

 
$
1,975

 
 
May 31, 2016
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Liabilities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Contingent consideration
$

 
$

 
$
2,075

 
$
2,075

Total Liabilities
$

 
$

 
$
2,075

 
$
2,075

 
The fair value of contingent consideration liabilities that was classified as Level 3 in the table above was estimated using a discounted cash flow technique with significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 fair value measurement as defined in ASC 820. The significant inputs in the Level 3 measurement not supported by market activity include the probability assessments of expected future cash flows related to the acquisitions, appropriately discounted considering the uncertainties associated with the obligation, and as calculated in accordance with the terms of the applicable acquisition agreements.
 
12.                               Commitments and Contingencies
 

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



Legal Proceedings and Government Investigations
 
The Company is subject to periodic lawsuits, investigations and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company cannot predict with certainty the ultimate resolution of lawsuits, investigations and claims asserted against it. Except for the matters described below, the Company does not believe that any currently pending legal proceeding to which the Company is a party will have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, cash flows or financial condition. The costs of defense and amounts that may be recovered against the Company may be covered by insurance for certain matters.

Litigation and Commercial Claims
 
The Company is currently a defendant in a consolidated purported class and collective action, Edgar Viceral and David Kruger v Mistras Group, et al, pending in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. This matter results from the consolidation of two cases originally filed in California state court in April 2015. The consolidated case alleges violations of California statutes, primarily the California Labor Code, and seeks to proceed as a collective action under the U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act.  The case is predicated on claims for allegedly missed rest and meal periods, inaccurate wage statements, and failure to pay all wages due, as well as related unfair business practices, and is requesting payment of all damages, including unpaid wages, and various fines and penalties available under California and Federal law.

The parties have reached a settlement of the case, whereby the Company agreed to pay $6 million to resolve the allegations and avoid further distraction that would result if the litigation continued. The settlement is subject to court approval, and a hearing for preliminary approval was held on August 18, 2016, but a ruling has not yet been issued. The Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $6.3 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 for the settlement and payment of payroll taxes and other costs related to the settlement. The settlement will cover claims dating back to April 2011 in some cases and involves approximately 4,900 current and former employees.
 
During fiscal 2013, the Company performed radiography work on the construction of a pipeline project in the U.S. The owner of the pipeline project contends that certain of the radiography images the Company’s technicians prepared regarding the project did not meet the code quality interpretation standards required by the American Petroleum Institute. The project owner is claiming damages as a result of the alleged quality defects of the Company’s radiography images. No lawsuit has been filed at this time, but the Company received a demand for damages of approximately $6 million.  The Company is currently unable to determine the likely outcome or reasonably estimate the amount or range of potential liability related to this matter, and accordingly, has not established any reserves for this matter.

The Company’s subsidiary in France has been involved in a dispute with a former owner of a business in France purchased by the Company’s French subsidiary. The former owner received a judgment in his favor in the amount of approximately $0.4 million for payment of the contingent consideration portion of the purchase price for the business. The judgment is being appealed, but the Company recorded a reserve for the full amount of the judgment in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016.

Government Investigations

In May 2015, the Company received a notice from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) that it performed a preliminary assessment at a leased facility the Company operates in Cudahy, California. Based upon the preliminary assessment, the EPA is conducting an investigation of the site, which includes taking groundwater and soil samples. The purpose of the investigation is to determine whether any hazardous materials were released from the facility. The Company has been informed that certain hazardous materials and pollutants have been found in the ground water in the general vicinity of the site and the EPA is attempting to ascertain the origination or source of these materials and pollutants. Given the historic industrial use of the site, the EPA determined that the site of the Cudahy facility should be examined, along with numerous other sites in the vicinity. At this time, the Company is unable to determine whether it has any liability in connection with this matter and if so, the amount or range of any such liability, and accordingly, has not established any reserves for this matter.


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



Acquisition-related contingencies
 
The Company is liable for contingent consideration in connection with certain of its acquisitions. As of August 31, 2016, total potential acquisition-related contingent consideration ranged from zero to approximately $15.4 million and would be payable upon the achievement of specific performance metrics by certain of the acquired companies over the next 2.8 years of operations. See Note 4 - Acquisitions to these condensed consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the Company’s acquisitions.
 
13.                               Segment Disclosure
 
The Company’s three operating segments are:
 
Services. This segment provides asset protection solutions primarily in North America with the largest concentration in the United States and the Canadian services business, consisting primarily of non-destructive testing and inspection and engineering services that are used to evaluate the structural integrity and reliability of critical energy, industrial and public infrastructure.
 
International. This segment offers services, products and systems similar to those of the Company’s other two segments to global markets, principally in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and South America, but not to customers in China and South Korea, which are served by the Products and Systems segment.
 
Products and Systems. This segment designs, manufactures, sells, installs and services the Company’s asset protection products and systems, including equipment and instrumentation, predominantly in the United States.
 
Costs incurred for general corporate services, including finance, legal, and certain other costs that are provided to the segments are reported within Corporate and eliminations. Sales to the International segment from the Products and Systems segment and subsequent sales by the International segment of the same items are recorded and reflected in the operating performance of both segments. Additionally, engineering charges and royalty fees charged to the Services and International segments by the Products and Systems segment are reflected in the operating performance of each segment. All such intersegment transactions are eliminated in the Company’s consolidated financial reporting.
 
Selected consolidated financial information by segment for the periods shown was as follows (intercompany transactions are eliminated in Corporate and eliminations):
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
Revenues
 

 
 

Services
$
126,690

 
$
137,405

International
37,518

 
36,859

Products and Systems
6,166

 
8,686

Corporate and eliminations
(1,931
)
 
(3,097
)
 
$
168,443

 
$
179,853

 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
Gross profit
 

 
 

Services
$
34,445

 
$
36,569

International
12,387

 
10,780

Products and Systems
3,096

 
3,922

Corporate and eliminations
128

 
3

 
$
50,056

 
$
51,274


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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
Income (loss) from operations
 

 
 

Services
$
12,468

 
$
15,398

International
4,659

 
1,818

Products and Systems
137

 
1,184

Corporate and eliminations
(6,109
)
 
(5,468
)
 
$
11,155

 
$
12,932

 
Income (loss) by operating segment includes intercompany transactions, which are eliminated in Corporate and eliminations.
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
Depreciation and amortization
 

 
 

 
Services
$
5,604

 
$
5,522

 
International
1,957

 
1,972

 
Products and Systems
549

 
563

 
Corporate and eliminations
(107
)
 
(97
)
 
 
$
8,003

 
$
7,960

 
 
 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
Intangible assets, net
 

 
 

Services
$
18,250

 
$
19,022

International
16,681

 
17,703

Products and Systems
5,800

 
6,054

Corporate and eliminations
782

 
713

 
$
41,513

 
$
43,492

 

 
August 31, 2016
 
May 31, 2016
Total assets
 

 
 

Services
$
292,345

 
$
301,678

International
132,523

 
132,643

Products and Systems
32,496

 
31,596

Corporate and eliminations
10,917

 
16,758

 
$
468,281

 
$
482,675

 

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Mistras Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



Revenues by geographic area for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, were as follows:
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
Revenues
 

 
 

United States
$
116,195

 
$
130,344

Other Americas
14,978

 
11,529

Europe
33,591

 
34,884

Asia-Pacific
3,679

 
3,096

 
$
168,443

 
$
179,853



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Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(tabular dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)



14. Subsequent Event

Subsequent to August 31, 2016, the Company completed an acquisition of an asset protection business for $7.0 million in cash upon closing. In addition to the cash consideration, the acquisition provides for possible contingent consideration up to $2.0 million to be earned based upon the achievement of specific performance metrics over the next three years of operations. The Company is in the process of completing the preliminary purchase price allocation. This acquisition was not significant and no pro forma information has been included.

ITEM 2.                                                Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) includes a narrative explanation and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015. The MD&A should be read together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 1 in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2016 filed August 15, 2016 (“2016 Annual Report”). In this quarterly report, our fiscal years, which end on May 31, are identified according to the calendar year in which they end (e.g., the fiscal year ending May 31, 2017 is referred to as “fiscal 2017”), and unless otherwise specified or the context otherwise requires, “Mistras,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Mistras Group, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. The MD&A includes disclosure in the following areas:
 
Forward-Looking Statements
Overview
Results of Operations
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”). Such forward-looking statements include those that express plans, anticipation, intent, contingency, goals, targets or future development and/or otherwise are not statements of historical fact. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and projections about future events and they are subject to risks and uncertainties known and unknown that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements.
 
In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology, such as “goals,” or “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “predicts,” “appears,” “projects,” or the negative of such terms or other similar expressions. You are urged not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, any of which may turn out to be wrong due to inaccurate assumptions, various risks, uncertainties or other factors known and unknown. Factors that could cause or contribute to differences in results and outcomes from those in our forward-looking statements include, without limitation, those discussed in the “Business—Forward-Looking Statements,” and “Risk Factors” sections of our 2016 Annual Report as well as those discussed in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
 
Overview
 
We offer our customers “one source for asset protection solutions”® and are a leading global provider of technology-enabled asset protection solutions used to evaluate the structural integrity and reliability of critical energy, industrial and public infrastructure. We combine industry-leading products and technologies, expertise in mechanical integrity (MI), Non-Destructive Testing (NDT), Destructive Testing (DT) and predictive maintenance (PdM) services, process and fixed asset engineering and consulting services, proprietary data analysis and our world class enterprise inspection database management and analysis software, PCMS, to deliver a comprehensive portfolio of customized solutions, ranging from routine inspections to complex, plant-wide asset integrity management and assessments. These mission critical solutions enhance our customers’ ability to comply with governmental safety and environmental regulations, extend the useful life of their assets, increase productivity, minimize repair costs, manage risk and avoid catastrophic disasters. Our operations consist of three reportable segments: Services, International and Products and Systems.
 

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Services provides asset protection solutions predominantly in North America with the largest concentration in the United States along with a growing Canadian business, consisting primarily of NDT, inspection and engineering services that are used to evaluate the structural integrity and reliability of critical energy, industrial and public infrastructure.

International offers services, products and systems similar to those of the other segments to global markets, principally in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and South America, but not to customers in China and South Korea, which are served by the Products and Systems segment. South America consists of our Brazil operations.
 
Products and Systems designs, manufactures, sells, installs and services the Company’s asset protection products and systems, including equipment and instrumentation, predominantly in the United States.
 
Given the role our solutions play in ensuring the safe and efficient operation of infrastructure, we provide a majority of our services to our customers on a regular, recurring basis. We serve a global customer base of companies with asset-intensive infrastructure, including companies in the oil and gas (downstream, midstream, upstream and petrochemical), power generation (natural gas, fossil, nuclear, alternative, renewable, and transmission and distribution), public infrastructure, chemicals, commercial aerospace and defense, transportation, primary metals and metalworking, pharmaceutical/biotechnology and food processing industries and research and engineering institutions. We have established long-term relationships as a critical solutions provider to many of the leading companies in our target markets.

We have focused on introducing our advanced asset protection solutions to our customers using proprietary, technology-enabled software and testing instruments, including those developed by our Products and Systems segment. We have made a number of acquisitions in an effort to grow our base of experienced, certified personnel, expand our product and technical capabilities, increase our geographical reach and leverage our fixed costs. We have increased our capabilities and the size of our customer base through the development of applied technologies and managed support services, organic growth and the integration of acquired companies. These acquisitions have provided us with additional products, technologies, resources and customers that we believe will enhance our advantages over our competition.

Demand for outsourced asset protection solutions has generally increased over the last ten years, creating demand from which our entire industry has benefited. We believe continued growth can be realized in all of our target markets. However, current market conditions are soft, driven by lower oil prices which have driven many of the Company’s customers to curtail spending.
 
Global financial markets continue to experience uncertainty, including tight liquidity and credit availability, relatively low consumer confidence, slow economic growth, fluctuating oil prices and volatile currency exchange rates. However, we believe these conditions have allowed us to selectively hire new talented individuals that otherwise might not have been available to us, and to make acquisitions of complementary businesses at reasonable valuations.

 
Results of Operations
 
Condensed consolidated results of operations for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 were as follows:

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Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
Revenues
$
168,443

 
$
179,853

Gross profit
50,056

 
51,274

Gross profit as a % of Revenue
30
%
 
29
%
Total operating expenses
38,901

 
38,342

Operating expenses as a % of Revenue
23
%
 
21
%
Income from operations
11,155

 
12,932

Income from Operations as a % of Revenue
7
%
 
7
%
Interest expense
820

 
1,922

Income before provision for income taxes
10,335

 
11,010

Provision for income taxes
3,726

 
4,163

Net income
6,609

 
6,847

Less: net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of taxes
$
13

 
(25
)
Net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
6,596

 
$
6,872

 
The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP metric, to measure its consolidated operating performance and assist in comparing performance from period to period on a consistent basis. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income is provided below for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015:
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA data
 

 
 

Net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc.
$
6,596

 
$
6,872

Interest expense
820

 
1,922

Provision for income taxes
3,726

 
4,163

Depreciation and amortization
8,003

 
7,960

Share-based compensation expense
1,906

 
1,957

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
394

 
(896
)
Severance
265

 
60

Foreign exchange (gain) loss
(525
)
 
292

Adjusted EBITDA
$
21,185

 
$
22,330

 
Note About Non-GAAP Measures
 
Adjusted EBITDA is a performance measure used by management that is not calculated in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Adjusted EBITDA is defined in this Report as net income attributable to Mistras Group, Inc. plus: interest expense, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation expense, and certain acquisition-related costs (including transaction due diligence costs and adjustments to the fair value of contingent consideration), foreign exchange (gain) loss and, if applicable, certain special items which are noted.
 
Management uses Adjusted EBITDA as a measure for planning and forecasting overall expectations and for evaluating actual results against such expectations. Adjusted EBITDA is also used as the basis for a performance evaluation metric for certain of our executive and employee incentive compensation programs.

Later in this MD&A under the heading "Income from Operations", the non-GAAP financial performance measure "Income from operations before special items” is used for each of our three segments and the "Total Company", with tables reconciling the measure to a financial measure under GAAP. This non-GAAP measure excludes from the GAAP measure "Income from Operations" (a) transaction expenses related to acquisitions, such as professional fees and due diligence costs, (b) the net

22

Table of Contents

changes in the fair value of acquisition-related contingent consideration liabilities and (c) certain non-recurring items. These items have been excluded from the GAAP measure because these expenses and credits are not related to the Company’s or Segment’s core business operations. The acquisition related costs and special items can be a net expense or credit in any given period.

In the MD&A section "Liquidity and Capital Resources", we use the term free cash flow, a non-GAAP measurement. We define free cash flow as cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures (which are purchases of property, plant and equipment and of intangible assets and classified as an investing activity). Free cash flow, which does not represent residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since items such as debt repayments are not deducted in determing such measures, was $13.3 million for the first three months of fiscal 2017, consisting of $17.3 million of operating cash flow less $4.0 million of capital expenditures. For the comparable period in fiscal 2016, free cash flow was $11.6 million consisting of $16.2 million of operating cash flow less $4.6 million of capital expenditures.
 
Revenue
 
Revenues for the three months ended August 31, 2016 were $168.4 million, a decrease of $11.4 million, or 6.3%, compared with the prior year.

Revenues by segment for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 were as follows:
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
Revenues
 

 
 

Services
$
126,690

 
$
137,405

International
37,518

 
36,859

Products and Systems
6,166

 
8,686

Corporate and eliminations
(1,931
)
 
(3,097
)
 
$
168,443

 
$
179,853

 
Three Months

In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, Services segment revenues decreased 8% due to a combination of high single digit organic decline and low single digit adverse impact of foreign exchange rates, offset by a small amount of acquisition growth. Products and Systems segment revenues decreased by 29% driven by lower sales volume. International segment revenues increased by 2%, driven by mid single digit organic growth, offset by a low single digit unfavorable impact of foreign exchange rates and the low single digit impact of revenues from prior year dispositions.

Oil and gas revenues decreased by approximately 1%, driven by many of the Company’s customers to curtail spending, but remained the Company’s most significant vertical market, comprising approximately 55% of total Company revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, compared with 56% in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The Company’s top ten customers comprised approximately 36% of total revenues in both the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016. One customer, BP plc., accounted for approximately 13% of our total revenues for the first quarter of fiscal 2017. No customer accounted for more than 10% of our revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2016.

Gross Profit

Gross profit decreased by $1.2 million, or 2.4%, in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, on a sales decline of 6.3%.

Gross profit by segment for the three months ended August 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 was as follows:
 

23

Table of Contents

 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
Gross profit
 

 
 

Services
$
34,445

 
$
36,569

   % of segment revenue
27.2
%
 
26.6
%
International
12,387

 
10,780

   % of segment revenue
33.0
%
 
29.2
%
Products and Systems
3,096

 
3,922

   % of segment revenue
50.2
%
 
45.2
%
Corporate and eliminations
128

 
3

 
$
50,056

 
$
51,274

   % of total revenue
29.7
%
 
28.5
%

Three months

As a percentage of revenues, gross profit was 29.7% and 28.5% for the first quarters of fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively. Service segment gross profit margins increased to 27.2% in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to 26.6% in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The 60 basis point increase was primarily driven by improved sales mix. International segment gross margins increased to 33.0% in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 compared with 29.2% in the prior year. The 380 basis point increase was due to improvement across our largest country locations, driven by improvements in technical labor utilization, sales mix and overhead utilization. Products and Systems segment gross margin improved by 500 basis points to 50.2% compared with 45.2% in the prior year, driven by improved sales mix.
 

24

Table of Contents

Income from Operations

The following table shows a reconciliation of the income from operations to income before special items for each of the Company's three segments and for the Company in total:

 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
Services:
 

 
 

Income from operations
$
12,468

 
$
15,398

Severance costs
176

 

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
345

 
(930
)
Income before special items
12,989

 
14,468

International:
 

 
 

Income from operations
4,659

 
1,818

Severance costs
89

 
60

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
11

 
30

Income before special items
4,759

 
1,908

Products and Systems:
 

 
 

Income from operations
137

 
1,184

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net

 

Income before special items
137

 
1,184

Corporate and Eliminations:
 

 
 

Loss from operations
(6,109
)
 
(5,468
)
Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
38

 
4

Loss before special items
(6,071
)
 
(5,464
)
Total Company
 

 
 

Income from operations
$
11,155

 
$
12,932

Severance costs
$
265

 
$
60

Acquisition-related expense (benefit), net
$
394

 
$
(896
)
Income before special items
$
11,814

 
$
12,096

 

Three months
For the three months ended August 31, 2016, income from operations (GAAP) decreased $1.8 million, or 14%, compared with the prior year’s first quarter and income before special items (non-GAAP) decreased $0.3 million, or 2%. As a percentage of revenues, income before special items improved by 30 basis points to 7.0% in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 from 6.7% in the first quarter of fiscal 2016.
 
Operating expenses increased $0.6 million compared with the prior year’s first quarter, driven by an increase in acquisition-related expense from the Services segment of $1.3 million, offset by a $0.9 million decline in recurring expenses. The recurring expense decrease was driven by the International segment, which decreased $1.2 million, primarily due to foreign currency gains and the disposal of subsidiaries in fiscal 2016, offset by a $0.7 million increase in professional fees for the Corporate segment. Products and Systems segment was flat from the first quarter of fiscal 2017 to fiscal 2016.

Interest Expense
 

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Table of Contents

Interest expense was approximately $0.8 million and $1.9 million for the first quarters of fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease was primarily related to the payment of seller notes related to acquisitions and the net paydown of the Company's line of credit under its Credit Agreement.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company’s effective income tax rate was approximately 36% and 38% for the first quarters of fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease was primarily due to lower discrete items and lower expected annual effective tax rate in fiscal 2017, due to a larger portion of income expected to be generated by the International segment, which generally has lower statutory tax rates.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Cash Flows Table
 
Cash flows are summarized in the table below:
 
 
Three months ended
 
August 31, 2016
 
August 31, 2015
 
($ in thousands)
Net cash provided by (used in):
 

 
 

Operating activities
$
17,344

 
$
16,210

Investing activities
(4,975
)
 
(4,399
)
Financing activities
(17,847
)
 
(10,562
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(770
)
 
(118
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
$
(6,248
)
 
$
1,131

 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
During the three months ended August 31, 2016, cash provided by operating activities was $17.3 million, an increase of $1.1 million, or 7%. The improvement was primarily attributable to the timing of collections, offset by payments of accrued expenses.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
During the three months ended August 31, 2016, cash used in investing activities was $5.0 million, compared with a cash outflow of $4.4 million in the comparable period of the prior year. The first three months of fiscal 2017 included $1.2 million outflow related to acquisitions, compared with no acquisition activity for the comparable period in fiscal 2016. Cash used for capital expenditures was $4.0 million and $4.6 million in the first three months of fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Net cash used by financing activities was $17.8 million for the three months ended August 31, 2016. The Company utilized the $13.3 million of free cash flow generated in the first three months of fiscal 2017 to reduce its debt and capital lease obligations by $16.7 million. For the comparable period in fiscal 2016, the Company utilized most of the $11.6 million of free cash flow to reduce its debt and capital lease obligations by $9.2 million.

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
The effect of exchange rate changes on our cash and cash equivalents was a net reduction of $0.8 million in the first three months of fiscal 2017, compared to $0.1 million for the first three months of fiscal 2016, primarily driven by exchange rates for fiscal 2017, notably the impact of the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union.

Cash Balance and Credit Facility Borrowings
 
The terms of our Credit Agreement have not changed from those set forth in Part II, Item 7 of our 2016 Annual Report under the Section “Liquidity and Capital Resources”, under the heading “Cash Balance and Credit Facility Borrowings,” and Note 10

26

Table of Contents

- Long-Term Debt to these condensed consolidated financial statements in this report, under the heading “Senior Credit Facility.”
 
As of August 31, 2016, we had cash and cash equivalents totaling $14.9 million and available borrowing capacity of $105.0 million under our Credit Agreement with borrowings of $64.8 million and $5.2 million of letters of credit outstanding. We finance operations primarily through our existing cash balances, cash collected from operations, bank borrowings and capital lease financing. We believe these sources are sufficient to fund our operations for the foreseeable future.
 
As of August 31, 2016, we were in compliance with the terms of the Credit Agreement, and we will continuously monitor our compliance with the covenants contained in our Credit Agreement.
 
Contractual Obligations

Other than the amendment to the Credit Agreement, discussed above under “Liquidity and Capital Resources- Cash Balance and Credit Facility Borrowings”, there have been no significant changes in our contractual obligations and outstanding indebtedness as disclosed in the 2016 Annual Report.

Off-balance Sheet Arrangements
 
During the three months ended August 31, 2016, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
There have been no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” included in the 2016 Annual Report.
 
ITEM 3.                                                Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
There have been no significant changes to the Company’s quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk as discussed in Part II, Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk,” included in the 2016 Annual Report.
 
ITEM 4.                                                Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As of August 31, 2016, the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act. Based on the evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s quarter ended August 31, 2016 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, such internal control over financial reporting.


27

Table of Contents

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                                                Legal Proceedings
 
There have been no material developments with regard to any matters disclosed under Part I, Item 3 “Legal Proceedings” in our 2016 Annual Report.

See Note 12 - Commitments and Contingencies to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report for a description of our legal proceedings.
 
ITEM 1.A.                                    Risk Factors
 
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the risk factors discussed under the “Risk Factors” section included in our 2016 Annual Report. There have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in the 2016 Annual Report.
 
ITEM 2.                                                Unregistered Sale of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
(a) Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
None.
 
(b) Use of Proceeds from Public Offering of Common Stock
 
None.
 
(c) Repurchases of Our Equity Securities
 
The following table sets forth the shares of our common stock we acquired during the quarter pursuant to the surrender of shares by employees to satisfy the minimum tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted stock units.
 
Fiscal Month Ending
Total Number of Shares (or
Units) Purchased
 
Average Price Paid per
Share (or Unit)
June 30, 2016
266

 
$
24.00

July 31, 2016

 
$

August 31, 2016
50,420

 
$
25.16

 
ITEM 3.                                                Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.
 
ITEM 4.                                                Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.
 
ITEM 5.                                                Other Information
 
None.
 

28

Table of Contents

ITEM 6.                                                Exhibits
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
 
 
 
3.1
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws
 
 
 
10.1
 
Agreement, dated August 17, 2016, between registrant and Sotirios Vahaviolos
 
 
 
10.2
 
Joint stipulation of settlement and release between Registrant and Plantiffs, with respect to Viceral and Kruger, et al. v. Mistras Group, Inc., et al.
 
 
 
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
 
 
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
 
 
32.1
 
Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
 
101.SCH
 
XBRL Schema Document
 
 
 
101.CAL
 
XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.LAB
 
XBRL Labels Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.PRE
 
XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
101.DEF
 
XBRL Definition Linkbase Document



29

Table of Contents

Signatures
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
MISTRAS GROUP, INC.
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Jonathan H. Wolk
 
 
Jonathan H. Wolk
 
 
Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
 
 
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer and duly authorized officer)
 
Date: October 7, 2016


30
Exhibit






AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS
OF

MISTRAS GROUP, INC.




































Revised July 20, 2016

-i-








 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
PAGE

ARTICLE 1

CORPORATE OFFICES
1

1.1

REGISTERED OFFICE
1

1.2

OTHER OFFICES
1

ARTICLE II

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS
1

2.1

PLACE OF MEETINGS
1

2.2

ANNUAL MEETING
1

2.3

SPECIAL MEETING
1

2.4

NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS' MEETINGS
4

2.5

MANNER OF GIVING NOTICE; AFFIDAVIT OF NOTICE
5

2.6

QUORUM
6

2.7

ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE
6

2.8

ADMINISTRATION OF THE MEETING
6

2.9

VOTING
7

2.10

STOCKHOLDER ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING
8

2.11

RECORD DATE FOR STOCKHOLDER NOTICE; VOTING; GIVING CONSENTS
8

2.12

PROXIES
8

2.13

LIST OF STOCKHOLDERS ENTITLED TO VOTE
9

2.14

NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDER BUSINESS AND NOMINATIONS
9

2.15

SUBMISSION OF QUESTIONNAIRE, REPRESENTATION AND AGREEMENT
14

ARTICLE III

DIRECTORS
14

3.1

POWERS
14

3.2

NUMBER OF DIRECTORS
15

3.3

ELECTION, QUALIFICATION AND TERM OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS
15

3.4

RESIGNATION AND VACANCIES
15

3.5

PLACE OF MEETINGS; MEETINGS BY TELEPHONE
15

3.6

REGULAR MEETINGS
15

3.7

SPECIAL MEETINGS; NOTICE
16

3.8

QUORUM
16

3.9

WAIVER OF NOTICE
16

3.10

BOARD ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING
17

3.11

ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE
17

3.12

FEES AND COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS
17

3.13

REMOVAL OF DIRECTORS
17

ARTICLE IV

COMMITTEES
17

4.1

COMMITTEES OF DIRECTORS
17

4.2

COMMITTEE MINUTES
18

4.3

MEETINGS AND ACTION OF COMMITTEES
18

ARTICLE V

OFFICERS
19

5.1

OFFICERS
19

5.2

APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS
19

5.3

SUBORDINATE OFFICERS
19

5.4

REMOVAL AND RESIGNATION OF OFFICERS
19

5.5

VACANCIES IN OFFICES
20






5.6

REPRESENTATION OF SHARES OF OTHER CORPORATIONS
20

5.7

AUTHORITY AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
20

ARTICLE VI

RECORDS AND REPORTS
20

6.1

MAINTENANCEAND INSPECTION OF RECORDS
20

6.2

INSPECTION BY DIRECTORS
21

ARTICLE VII

GENERAL MATTERS
21

7.1

CHECKS; DRAFTS; EVIDENCES OF INDEBTEDNESS
21

7.2

EXECUTION OF CORPORATE CONTRACTS AND INSTRUMENTS
21

7.3

STOCK CERTIFICATES; PARTLY PAID SHARES
21

7.4

SPECIAL DESIGNATION ON CERTIFICATES
21

7.5

LOST CERTIFICATES
22

7.6

DIVIDENDS
22

7.7

FISCAL YEAR
22

7.8

SEAL
22

7.9

TRANSFER OF STOCK
22

7.10

STOCK TRANSFER AGREEMENTS
23

7.11

REGISTERED STOCKHOLDERS
23

7.12

WAIVER OF NOTICE
23

ARTICLE VIII

NOTICE BY ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION
24

8.1

NOTICE BY ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION
24

8.2

DEFINITION OF ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION
25

8.3

INAPPLICABILITY
25

ARTICLE IX

INDEMNIFICATION OF AND ADVANCEMENT OF EXPENSES TO DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS
25

9.1

POWER TO INDEMNIFY IN ACTIONS, SUITS OR PROCEEDINGS OTHER THAN THOSE BY OR IN THE RIGHT OF THE COMPANY
25

9.2

POWER TO IMDEMNIFY IN ACTIONS, SUITS OR PROCEEDINGS BY OR IN THE RIGHT OF THE COMPANY
26

9.3

AUTHORIZATION OF INDEMNIFICATION
26

9.4

GOOD FAITH DEFINED
26

9.5

INDEMNIFICATION BY A COURT
27

9.6

EXPENSES PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
27

9.7

NONEXCLUSIVITY OF INDEMNIFICATION AND ADVANCEMENT OF EXPENSES
28

9.8

INSURANCE
28

9.9

CERTAIN DEFINITIONS
28

9.10

SURVIVAL OF INDEMNIFICATION AND ADVANCEMENT OF EXPENSES
29

9.11

LIMITATION ON INDEMNIFICATION
29

9.12

INDEMNIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND AGENTS
29

9.13

EFFECT OF AMENDMENT OR REPEAL
29

ARTICLE X

MISCELLANEOUS
29

10.1

PROVISIONS OF CERTIFICATE GOVERN
29

10.2

CONSTRUCTION; DEFINITIONS
30

10.3

SEVERABILITY
30

10.4

AMENDMENT
30

10.5

FORUM SELECTION
30


Page







BYLAWS
OF
MISTRAS GROUP, INC.


ARTICLE I

CORPORATE OFFICES

1.1    REGISTERED OFFICE.

The registered office of Mistras Group, Inc. (the “Company”) shall be fixed in the Company’s certificate of incorporation, as the same may be amended and/or restated from time to time (as so amended and/or restated, the “Certificate”).

1.2    OTHER OFFICES.

The Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) may at any time establish other offices at any place or places where the Company is qualified to do business.

ARTICLE II

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS

2.1    PLACE OF MEETINGS.

Meetings of stockholders shall be held at any place within or outside the State of Delaware as designated by the Board. The Board may, in its sole discretion, determine that a meeting of stockholders shall not be held at any place, but may instead be held solely by means of remote communication as authorized by Section 211(a)(2) of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”). In the absence of any such designation or determination, stockholders’ meetings shall be held at the Company’s principal place of business.

2.2    ANNUAL MEETING.

The annual meeting of stockholders shall be held each year on a date and at a time designated by the Board. At the annual meeting, directors shall be elected and any other proper business may be transacted.

2.3    SPECIAL MEETING.

(A)    General.    Unless otherwise required by law or the Certificate, special meetings of the stockholders may be called at any time, for any purpose or purposes, only by (i) the Chairperson of the Board, (ii) the Chief Executive Officer or (iii) by the Board acting pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the Board. Subject to Section 2.3(B), a special meeting of stockholders shall also be called by the secretary of the Company upon the written request of one or more stockholders entitled to cast not less than thirty-five percent (35%) of all of the votes entitled to be cast at that meeting.

(B)    Stockholder Requested Special Meetings.    (1) Any stockholder of record seeking to have stockholders request a special meeting shall, by sending written notice to the secretary (the “Record Date Request Notice”) by registered mail, return receipt requested, request the





Board of Directors to fix a record date to determine the stockholders entitled to request a special meeting (the “Request Record Date”). The Record Date Request Notice shall set forth the purpose of the meeting and the matters proposed to be acted on at it, shall be signed by one or more stockholders of record as of the date of signature (or their agents duly authorized in a writing accompanying the Record Date Request Notice), shall bear the date of signature of each such stockholder (or such agent) and shall set forth all information relating to each such stockholder that must be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for election of directors in an election contest (even if an election contest is not involved), or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A (or any successor provision) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Upon receiving the Record Date Request Notice, the Board of Directors may fix a Request Record Date. The Request Record Date shall not precede and shall not be more than ten (10) days after the close of business on the date on which the resolution fixing the Request Record Date is adopted by the Board of Directors. If the Board of Directors, within ten (10) days after the date on which a valid Record Date Request Notice is received, fails to adopt a resolution fixing the Request Record Date, the Request Record Date shall be the close of business on the tenth (10th) day after the first date on which the Record Date Request Notice is received by the secretary.

(2)    In order for any stockholder to request a special meeting, one or more written requests for a special meeting signed by stockholders of record (or their agents duly authorized in a writing accompanying the request) as of the Request Record Date entitled to cast not less than thirty-five percent (35%) (the “Special Meeting Percentage”) of all of the votes entitled to be cast at such meeting (the “Special Meeting Request”) shall be delivered to the secretary. In addition, the Special Meeting Request (a) shall set forth the purpose of the meeting and the matters proposed to be acted on at it (which shall be limited to those lawful matters set forth in the Record Date Request Notice received by the secretary), (b) shall bear the date of signature of each such stockholder (or such agent) signing the Special Meeting Request, (c) shall set forth the name and address, as they appear in the Company’s books, of each stockholder signing such request (or on whose behalf the Special Meeting Request is signed) and the class, series and number of all shares of stock of the Company which are owned by each such stockholder, and the nominee holder for, and number of, shares owned by such stockholder beneficially but not of record, (d) shall be sent to the secretary by registered mail, return receipt requested, and (e) shall be received by the secretary within sixty (60) days after the Request Record Date. Any requesting stockholder (or agent duly authorized in a writing accompanying the revocation or the Special Meeting Request) may revoke his, her or its request for a special meeting at any time by written revocation delivered to the secretary.

(3)    The secretary shall inform the requesting stockholders of the reasonably estimated cost of preparing and mailing the notice of meeting (including the Company’s proxy materials). The secretary shall not be required to call a special meeting upon stockholder request and such meeting shall not be held unless, in addition to the documents required by paragraph (2) of this Section 2.3(B), the secretary receives payment of such reasonably estimated cost prior to the mailing of any notice of the meeting.

(4)    Except as provided in the next sentence, any special meeting shall be held at such place, date and time as may be designated by the Chairperson of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer or the Board of Directors, whoever has called the meeting. In the case of any special meeting called by the secretary upon the request of stockholders (a “Stockholder Requested Meeting”), such meeting shall be held at such place, date and time as may be





designated by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that the date of any Stockholder Requested Meeting shall be not more than 60 days after the record date for such meeting (the “Meeting Record Date”); and provided further that if the Board of Directors fails to designate, within ten (10) days after the date that a valid Special Meeting Request is actually received by the secretary (the “Delivery Date”), a date and time for a Stockholder Requested Meeting, then such meeting shall be held at 2:00 p.m. local time on the 60th day after the Meeting Record Date or, if such 60th day is not a Business Day (as defined below), on the first preceding Business Day; and provided further that in the event that the Board of Directors fails to designate a place for a Stockholder Requested Meeting within ten (10) days after the Delivery Date, then such meeting shall be held at the principal executive office of the Company. In fixing a date for any special meeting, the Chairperson of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer or the Board of Directors may consider such factors as he, she or it deems relevant within the good faith exercise of business judgment, including, without limitation, the nature of the matters to be considered, the facts and circumstances surrounding any request for meeting and any plan of the Board of Directors to call an annual meeting or a special meeting. In the case of any Stockholder Requested Meeting, if the Board of Directors fails to fix a Meeting Record Date that is a date within 30 days after the Delivery Date, then the close of business on the 30th day after the Delivery Date shall be the Meeting Record Date. The Board of Directors may revoke the notice for any Stockholder Requested Meeting in the event that the requesting stockholders fail to comply with the provisions of paragraph (3) of this Section 2.3(B).

(5)    If written revocations of requests for the special meeting have been delivered to the secretary and the result is that stockholders of record (or their agents duly authorized in writing), as of the Request Record Date, entitled to cast less than the Special Meeting Percentage have delivered, and not revoked, requests for a special meeting to the secretary, the secretary shall: (i) if the notice of meeting has not already been mailed, refrain from mailing the notice of the meeting and send to all requesting stockholders who have not revoked such requests written notice of any revocation of a request for the special meeting, or (ii) if the notice of meeting has been mailed, send to all requesting stockholders who have not revoked requests for a special meeting written notice of any revocation of a request for the special meeting and the secretary’s intention to revoke the notice of the meeting, and then revoke the notice of the meeting at any time before ten (10) days before the commencement of the meeting. Any request for a special meeting received after a revocation by the secretary of a notice of a meeting shall be considered a request for a new special meeting.

(6)    The Board of Directors, the Chairperson of the Board or the Chief Executive Officer may appoint independent inspectors of elections to act as the agent of the Company for the purpose of promptly performing a ministerial review of the validity of any purported Special Meeting Request received by the secretary. For the purpose of permitting the inspectors to perform such review, no such purported request shall be deemed to have been delivered to the secretary until the earlier of (i) five Business Days after receipt by the secretary of such purported request and (ii) such date as the independent inspectors certify to the Company that the valid requests received by the secretary represent at least the Special Meeting Percentage. Nothing contained in this paragraph (6) shall in any way be construed to suggest or imply that the Company or any stockholder shall not be entitled to contest the validity of any request, whether during or after such five Business Day period, or to take any other action (including, without limitation, the commencement, prosecution or defense of any litigation with respect thereto, and the seeking of injunctive relief in such litigation).






(7)    For purposes of these bylaws, “Business Day” shall mean any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or other day on which banking institutions in the State of New York are authorized or obligated by law or executive order to close.

2.4    NOTICE OF STOCKHOLDERS’ MEETINGS.

All notices of meetings of stockholders shall be sent or otherwise given in accordance with either Section 2.5 or Section 8.1 of these bylaws not less than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting to each stockholder entitled to vote at such meeting, except as otherwise required by applicable law. The notice shall specify the place, if any, date and hour of the meeting, the means of remote communication, if any, by which stockholders and proxy holders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such meeting, and, in the case of a special meeting, the purposes for which the meeting is called. Any previously scheduled meeting of stockholders may be postponed, and, unless the Certificate provides otherwise, any special meeting of the stockholders may be cancelled by resolution duly adopted by a majority of the Board members then in office upon public notice given prior to the date previously scheduled for such meeting of stockholders.

Whenever notice is required to be given, under the DGCL, the Certificate or these bylaws, to any person with whom communication is unlawful, the giving of such notice to such person shall not be required and there shall be no duty to apply to any governmental authority or
agency for a license or permit to give such notice to such person. Any action or meeting which shall be taken or held without notice to any such person with whom communication is unlawful shall have the same force and effect as if such notice had been duly given. In the event that the action taken by the Company is such as to require the filing of a certificate with the Secretary of State of Delaware, the certificate shall state, if such is the fact and if notice is required, that notice was given to all persons entitled to receive notice except such persons with whom communication is unlawful.

Whenever notice is required to be given, under any provision of the DGCL, the Certificate or these bylaws, to any stockholder to whom (A) notice of two (2) consecutive annual meetings or (B) all, and at least two (2), payments (if sent by first-class mail) of dividends or interest on securities during a 12-month period, have been mailed addressed to such person at such person’s address as shown on the records of the Company and have been returned undeliverable, the giving of such notice to such person shall not be required. Any action or meeting which shall be taken or held without notice to such person shall have the same force and effect as if such notice had been duly given. If any such person shall deliver to the Company a written notice setting forth such person’s then current address, the requirement that notice be given to such person shall be reinstated. In the event that the action taken by the Company is such as to require the filing of a certificate with the Secretary of State of Delaware, the certificate need not state that notice was not given to persons to whom notice was not required to be given pursuant to Section 230(b) of the DGCL.

The exception in subsection (A) of the above paragraph to the requirement that notice be given shall not be applicable to any notice returned as undeliverable if the notice was given by electronic transmission.

2.5    MANNER OF GIVING NOTICE; AFFIDAVIT OF NOTICE.

Notice of any meeting of stockholders shall be given:

(A)    if mailed, when deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid, directed to the stockholder at such stockholder’s address as it appears on the Company’s records;






(B)    if electronically transmitted, as provided in Section 8.1 of these bylaws; or

(C)    otherwise, when delivered.

An affidavit of the secretary or an assistant secretary of the Company or of the transfer agent or any other agent of the Company that the notice has been given shall, in the absence of fraud, be prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

Notice may be waived in accordance with Section 7.12 of these bylaws.

2.6    QUORUM.

The holders of a majority of the voting power of the stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote, present in person or represented by proxy, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at all meetings of the stockholders. If, however, such quorum is not present or represented at any meeting of the stockholders, then either (i) the chairperson of the meeting or (ii) the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, present in person or represented by proxy, shall have power to adjourn the meeting from time to time, without notice other than announcement at the meeting, until a quorum is present or represented. At such adjourned meeting at which a quorum is present or represented, any business may be transacted that might have been transacted at the meeting as originally noticed.

2.7    ADJOURNED MEETING; NOTICE.

When a meeting is adjourned to another time or place, unless these bylaws otherwise require, notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if the time, place if any thereof, and the means of remote communications if any by which stockholders and proxy holders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such adjourned meeting are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. At the continuation of the adjourned meeting, the Company may transact any business that was permitted to have been transacted at the original meeting. If the adjournment is for more than 30 days, or if after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, a notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given to each stockholder of record entitled to vote at the meeting in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.4 and Section 2.5 of these bylaws.

2.8    ADMINISTRATION OF THE MEETING.

Meetings of stockholders shall be presided over by the Chairperson of the Board, or in the absence of the Chairperson of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer of the Company. If both the Chairperson of the Board and the Chief Executive Officer will not be present at a meeting of stockholders, such meeting shall be presided over by such chairperson as the Board shall appoint, or, in the event that the Board shall fail to make such appointment, any officer of the Company appointed by the Board. The secretary of the meeting shall be the secretary of the Company, or, in the absence of the secretary of the Company, such person as the chairperson of the meeting appoints.

The Board shall, in advance of any meeting of stockholders, appoint one (1) or more inspector(s), who may include individual(s) who serve the Company in other capacities, including without limitation as officers, employees or agents, to act at the meeting of stockholders and make a written report thereof. The Board may designate one (1) or more persons as alternate inspector(s) to replace any inspector who fails to act. If no inspector or alternate has been appointed or is able to act at a meeting of stockholders, the chairperson of the meeting shall appoint one (1) or more inspector(s) to act at the meeting. Each inspector, before discharging his or her duties, shall take and sign an oath to faithfully execute the duties of inspector with





strict impartiality and according to the best of his or her ability. The inspector(s) or alternate(s) shall have the duties prescribed pursuant to Section 231 of the DGCL and other applicable law.

The Board shall be entitled to make such rules or regulations for the conduct of meetings of stockholders as it shall deem necessary, appropriate or convenient. Subject to such rules and regulations, if any, the chairman of the meeting shall have the right and authority to convene and (for any or no reason) to recess and/or adjourn the meeting, to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all acts as, in the judgment of such chairman, are necessary, appropriate or convenient for the proper conduct of the meeting, including without limitation establishing an agenda of business of the meeting, rules or regulations to maintain order and the safety of those present, limitations on attendance at or participation in the meeting to stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, their duly authorized and constituted proxies or such other persons as the chairman of the meeting shall determine, restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for commencement thereof, limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments by participants and the fixing of the date and time of the opening and closing of the polls for each matter upon which the stockholders will vote at a meeting (and shall announce such at the meeting). The chairman of the meeting, in addition to making any other determinations that may be appropriate to the conduct of the meeting, shall, if the facts warrant, determine and declare to the meeting that a matter or business was not properly brought before the meeting and if the chairman of the meeting should so determine, the chairman shall so declare to the meeting and any such matter or business not properly brought before the meeting shall not be transacted or considered. Unless and to the extent determined by the Board or the chairman of the meeting, meetings of stockholders shall not be required to be held in accordance with the rules of parliamentary procedure.

2.9    VOTING.

The stockholders entitled to vote at any meeting of stockholders shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.11 of these bylaws, subject to Section 217 (relating to voting rights of fiduciaries, pledgors and joint owners of stock) and Section 218 (relating to voting trusts and other voting agreements) of the DGCL.

Except as otherwise provided in the Certificate and subject to the provisions of Section 213 of the DGCL and Section 2.11 of these bylaws (relating to the fixing of a date for determination of stockholders of record), each stockholder shall be entitled to that number of votes for each share of capital stock held by such stockholder as set forth in the Certificate, or in the case of shares of preferred stock of the Company (“Preferred Stock”), by resolution of the Board, or in the Certificate, as the case may be.

In all matters, other than the election of directors and except as otherwise required by law, the Certificate or these bylaws or the rules or regulations of any stock exchange applicable to the Company, or pursuant to any regulation applicable to the Company or its securities, the affirmative vote of a majority of the voting power of the shares present or represented by proxy and entitled to vote on the subject matter at a meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the stockholders. Directors shall be elected by a plurality of the voting power of the shares present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote on the election of directors at a meeting at which a quorum is present. Voting at meetings of stockholders need not be by written ballot.

The stockholders of the Company shall not have the right to cumulate their votes for the election of directors of the Company.

2.10    STOCKHOLDER ACTION BY WRITTEN CONSENT WITHOUT A MEETING.






Any action required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders of the Company must be effected at a duly called annual or special meeting of stockholders of the Company and may not be effected by any consent in writing by such stockholders.

2.11    RECORD DATE FOR STOCKHOLDER NOTICE; VOTING; GIVING CONSENTS.

In order that the Company may determine the stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of stockholders or any adjournment thereof, or entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights, or entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock or for the purpose of any other lawful action, the Board may fix, in advance, a record date, which record date shall not precede the date on which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted and which shall not be more than sixty (60) nor less than ten (10) days before the date of such meeting, nor more than sixty (60) days prior to any other such action.

If the Board does not fix a record date in accordance with these bylaws and applicable law:
(A)    Except as provided in Section 2.3(B)(4) of these bylaws, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held.

(B)    The record date for determining stockholders for any other purpose shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board adopts the resolution relating thereto.

A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting; provided, however, that the Board may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting.